Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Photo and Video Chronology - Kīlauea - June 15, 2004

June 15, 2004

Dribbles and surf

This is a photo of lava falling into water off one of western entries in Banana flow.
Lava falls into water off one of western entries in Banana flow. Lava is fed through a small tube formed when previous surf quenched the falls. Height of falls, 2 m.
This is a photo of lava falling into water off one of western entries in Banana flow.
Wider view of left image.


This is a photo of a pool of lava residing atop point feeding lava falls.
Pool of lava resided for several minutes atop point feeding lava falls in above images. Then crust developed on pool and hid lava from sight. Photographer packed up and turned to leave at 0606.
This is a photo of lava gushing from crusted pool.
Glancing back, plans changed as lava was gushing from crusted pool. Stream is 2 m wide.


This is a photo of a lava stream slowly narrowed but over time developed beautiful lava cascade.
Stream slowly narrowed but over time developed beautiful lava cascade and falls some 3-4 m high.
This is a photo of base of lava falls, where lava splats onto rocks in surf zone.
Base of lava falls, where lava splats onto rocks in surf zone. Camera is not tilted; falls is momentarily deflected owing to change in configuration of spigot above. Height of falls in image, 1 m.


This is a photo of base of lava falls.
Little brother enters the scene, with a fallen rock in background splitting and disgorging lava.
This is a photo of base of lava falls.
Final view, with mahalo and aloha to Pele for the show.


Map of flows from Pu`u `O`o: 21 May 2004


This is a map of flows from Pu`u `O`o.
Map shows lava flows erupted during 1983-present activity of Pu`u `O`o and Kupaianaha.Shades of red denote Mother's Day flow, which began erupting on May 12, 2002 and continues to the present. Darkest shade indicates lava flows erupted in November 2003-21 May 2004, including the labeled Banana flow, which developed gradually starting in the middle of April. Yellow stars indicate centers of formerly active, but now dead, rootless shields built along lava tube in Mother's Day flow. Yellow shade indicates Kuhio (Prince Kuhio Kalaniana`ole) flow, active most of the time from March 20 to May 21. As of May 21, most activity was located south of the rootless shield complex in the Banana flow, fed by the Banana branch of the Mother's Day tube. The Kuhio flow remains active, too.Through September and into early October 2003, lava was moving along the east and west sides of the Mother's Day flow. The east-side lava (known as the August 9 breakout) came from the August 9 rootless shield, itself fed by the main Mother's Day tube from Pu`u `O`o. The west side lava, known as the Kohola arm of the Mother's Day flow, branched off the tube system below the rootless shield.In early October 2003, the August 9 breakout stopped moving, the Kohola died back to a trickle, and the one labeled rootless shield gained prominence. By October 16, however, the shield had partly collapsed, leaving several drained perched ponds behind. Upstream from the shield, many hornitos and small flows formed over the Mother's Day tube. Soon thereafter, other rootless shields began to form over the Mother's Day, August 9, and Kohola tubes.New vents opened at the southern base of Pu`u `O`o on January 19 and fed Martin Luther King (MLK) flows, which remained active until March 5. Several small vents formed during this time. On March 20, Prince Kuhio Kalaniana`ole (PKK) flow originated from two vents, main one about 250 m south of base of Pu`u `O`o. This flow has remained active most of the time to the May 21 date of this map.The Banana flow developed from breakouts from the Mother's Day lava tube, centered near the former Banana Tree kipuka. The breakouts become prominent in the middle of April, and lava started down Pulama pali shortly thereafter. This is the time that we assigned the name Banana to the flow.Vents in West Gap Pit became active in early October, were quiet for 3 weeks, and then resumed intermittent activity that continued well into December. Other vents were also sporadically active in Puka Nui (near West Gap Pit) and in the crater of Pu`u `O`o.


Map of Pu`u `O`o and vicinity: 9 April 2004


This is a map of Pu`u `O`o and vicinity.
Map shows vents, lava flows, and other features near Pu`u `O`o frequently referred to in updates. These features change often, but this map should help those viewers lost in the terminology. The cones in West Gap are just outside the boundary of the crater--the oval shaped depression containing the seven numbered vents (now down to 6, as Humble Vent has been buried by a mound of lava flows erupted from Dave's Pit/Vent in March. Red color denotes flows--the Mother's Day flows--erupted since May 12, 2002. Light orange color indicates episode-55 flows erupted between March 1997 and August 2002 (exclusive of Mother's Day flows). Darker orange represents MLK flows, and yellow, PKK flow. Vents for these two sets of flows shown by indicated symbols. Gray shows flows of earlier episodes.