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A climate trend analysis of Chad

June 21, 2012

This brief report, drawing from a multi-year effort by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), identifies significant decreases in rainfall and increases in air temperature across Chad, especially in the eastern part of the country. These analyses are based on quality-controlled station observations. Conclusions:* Summer rains have decreased in eastern Chad during the past 20 years. * Temperatures have increased by 0.8 °Celsius since 1975, amplifying the effect of droughts. * Crop yields are very low and stagnant. * The amount of farmland per person is low, and decliningrapidly.* Population growth combined with stagnating yieldscould lead to a 30 percent reduction in per capita cereal production by 2025.* In many cases, areas with changing climate are coincident with zones of substantial conflict, indicating some degree of association; however, the contribution of climate change to these conflicts is not currently understood.

Publication Year 2012
Title A climate trend analysis of Chad
DOI 10.3133/fs20123070
Authors Christopher C. Funk, Jim Rowland, Alkhalil Adoum, Gary Eilerts, Libby White
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Fact Sheet
Series Number 2012-3070
Index ID fs20123070
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center