Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center


At the USGS EROS Center, we study land change and produce land change data products used by researchers, resource managers, and policy makers across the nation and around the world. We also operate the Landsat satellite program with NASA, and maintain the largest civilian collection of images of the Earth’s land surface in existence, including tens of millions of satellite images. 

What's New at EROS?


Eyes on Earth is a podcast covering a range of topics on remote sensing, satellite operations, and the science of Earth observation. Watch for new episodes every two weeks.

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Image of the Week

Image of the Week

The number of cropland acres deemed too wet to plant in 2019 is higher for South Dakota than any state in the U.S. Landsat satellite imagery highlights the difference in vegetation health.

Unplanted Acres


Date published: September 12, 2019

GOFC-GOLD: Improving Global Forest Monitoring While Building Collegialism

After the storm, after Cyclone Idai exacted widespread death and destruction across Southeast Africa in March 2019, Dominick Kwesha turned to his friends at the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center for assistance.

Date published: September 9, 2019

USGS EROS Launches ‘Eyes on Earth’ podcast

Satellite data is everywhere. It’s in the swirling clouds of the nightly news weather forecasts and the land surface maps beneath them. It’s in our pockets, showing up as base layers in smartphone mapping applications.


Date published: September 3, 2019

Science Branch Chief Retires as a Man of Many Hats, Many Accomplishments at EROS

He started at EROS in November 1980. His first job—data analyst in Science and Applications. From there, John Dwyer traveled a wide-ranging and opportunistic path through what he calls an incredibly satisfying career here at the Center.


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Year Published: 2019

A high-resolution 1983-2016 Tmax climate data record based on InfraRed Temperatures and Stations by the Climate Hazard Center

Understanding the dynamics and physics of climate extremes will be a critical challenge for 21st century climate science. Increasing temperatures and saturation vapor pressures may exacerbate heat waves, droughts and precipitation extremes. Yet our ability to monitor temperature variations is limited and declining. Between 1983 and 2016 the number...

Funk, Chris; Peterson, Pete; Peterson, Seth H.; Shukla, Shraddhanand; Davenport, Frank; Michaelsen, Joel; Landsfeld, Martin; Husak, Gregory; Harrison, Laura; Rowland, James; Budde, Michael; Knapp, Kenneth
Funk et al., 2019, A high-resolution 1983-2016 Tmax climate data record based on InfraRed Temperatures and Stations by the Climate Hazard Center, J. Climate

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Year Published: 2019

Remote sensing as the foundation for high-resolution United States landscape projections – The Land Change Monitoring, assessment, and projection (LCMAP) initiative

The Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection (LCMAP) initiative uses temporally dense Landsat data and time series analyses to characterize landscape change in the United States from 1985 to present. LCMAP will be used to explain how past, present, and future landscape change affects society and natural systems. Here, we describe a...

Sohl, Terry L.; Dornbierer, Jordan; Wika, Steve; Robison, Charles

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Year Published: 2019

Characterizing crop water use dynamics in the Central Valley of California using landsat-derived evapotranspiration

Understanding how different crops use water over time is essential for planning and managing water allocation, water rights, and agricultural production. The main objective of this paper is to characterize the spatiotemporal dynamics of crop water use in the Central Valley of California using Landsat-based annual actual evapotranspiration (ETa)...

Schauer, Matthew (Contractor); Senay, Gabriel