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A world of minerals in your mobile device

September 15, 2016

Mobile phones and other high-technology communications devices could not exist without mineral commodities. More than one-half of all components in a mobile device—including its electronics, display, battery, speakers, and more—are made from mined and semiprocessed materials (mineral commodities). Some mineral commodities can be recovered as byproducts during the production and processing of other commodities. As an example, bauxite is mined for its aluminum content, but gallium is recovered during the aluminum production process. The images show the ore minerals (sources) of some mineral commodities that are used to make components of a mobile device. On the reverse side, the map and table depict the major source countries producing these mineral commodities along with how these commodities are used in mobile devices. For more information on minerals, visit

Publication Year 2016
Title A world of minerals in your mobile device
DOI 10.3133/gip167
Authors Jane E. Jenness, Joyce A. Ober, Aleeza Wilkins, Joseph Gambogi
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title General Information Product
Series Number 167
Index ID gip167
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Eastern Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center