Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Antler anomalies in tule elk

November 1, 1988

Antler anomalies were evident in tule elk (Cervus elaphus nannodes) within 1 yr of reintroduction to Point Reyes, California (USA). These anomalies are consistent with previously described mineral deficiency-induced anomalies in cervids. The elk were judged deficient in copper. Low levels of copper in soils and vegetation at the release site, exacerbated by possible protein deficiency due to poor range conditions, are postulated as likely causes of the antler anomalies.

Publication Year 1988
Title Antler anomalies in tule elk
Authors Peter J.P. Gogan, David A. Jessup, Reginald H. Barrett
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Index ID 70122682
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse