Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Bringing the Nature Futures Framework to life: Creating a set of illustrative narratives of nature futures

May 4, 2023

To halt further destruction of the biosphere, most people and societies around the globe need to transform their relationships with nature. The internationally agreed vision under the Convention of Biological Diversity—Living in harmony with nature—is that “By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people”. In this context, there are a variety of debates between alternative perspectives on how to achieve this vision. Yet, scenarios and models that are able to explore these debates in the context of “living in harmony with nature” have not been widely developed. To address this gap, the Nature Futures Framework has been developed to catalyse the development of new scenarios and models that embrace a plurality of perspectives on desirable futures for nature and people. In this paper, members of the IPBES task force on scenarios and models provide an example of how the Nature Futures Framework can be implemented for the development of illustrative narratives representing a diversity of desirable nature futures: information that can be used to assess and develop scenarios and models whilst acknowledging the underpinning value perspectives on nature. Here, the term illustrative reflects the multiple ways in which desired nature futures can be captured by these narratives. In addition, to explore the interdependence between narratives, and therefore their potential to be translated into scenarios and models, the six narratives developed here were assessed around three areas of the transformative change debate, specifically, (1) land sparing vs. land sharing, (2) Half Earth vs. Whole Earth conservation, and (3) green growth vs. post-growth economic development. The paper concludes with an assessment of how the Nature Futures Framework could be used to assist in developing and articulating transformative pathways towards desirable nature futures.

Publication Year 2023
Title Bringing the Nature Futures Framework to life: Creating a set of illustrative narratives of nature futures
DOI 10.1007/s11625-023-01316-1
Authors América P. Durán, Jan J. Kuiper, A.P.D. Aguiar, W.W. Cheung, M.C. Diaw, G. Halouani, S. Hashimoto, M.A. Gasalla, G.D. Peterson, M.A. Schoolenberg, R. Abbasov, L.A. Acosta, D. Armenteras, F. Davila, M.A. Denboba, P.A. Harrison, K.A. Harhash, S. Karlsson-Viinkhuyzen, H. Kim, C. Lundquist, Brian W. Miller, S. Okayasu, R. Pichs-Madruga, J. Sathyapalan, A.K. Saysel, D. Yuan, L.M. Pereira
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Sustainability Science
Index ID 70244178
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization National Climate Adaptation Science Center; North Central Climate Adaptation Science Center