Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Disease prevalence and snail predation associated with swell-generated damage on the threatened coral, Acropora palmata (Lamarck)

June 14, 2016

Disturbances such as tropical storms cause coral mortality and reduce coral cover as a direct result of physical damage. Storms can be one of the most important disturbances in coral reef ecosystems, and it is crucial to understand their long-term impacts on coral populations. The primary objective of this study was to determine trends in disease prevalence and snail predation on damaged and undamaged colonies of the threatened coral species, Acropora palmata, following an episode of heavy ocean swells in the US Virgin Islands (USVI). At three sites on St. Thomas and St. John, colonies of A. palmata were surveyed monthly over 1 year following a series of large swells in March 2008 that fragmented 30–93% of colonies on monitored reefs. Post-disturbance surveys conducted from April 2008 through March 2009 showed that swell-generated damage to A. palmata caused negative indirect effects that compounded the initial direct effects of physical disturbance. During the 12 months after the swell event, white pox disease prevalence was 41% higher for colonies that sustained damage from the swells than for undamaged colonies (df = 207, p = 0.01) with greatest differences in disease prevalence occurring during warm water months. In addition, the corallivorous snail, Coralliophila abbreviata, was 46% more abundant on damaged corals than undamaged corals during the 12 months after the swell event (df = 207, p = 0.006).

Citation Information

Publication Year 2016
Title Disease prevalence and snail predation associated with swell-generated damage on the threatened coral, <i>Acropora palmata</i> (Lamarck)
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2016.00077
Authors Allan J. Bright, Caroline S. Rogers, Marilyn E. Brandt, Erinn Muller, Tyler B. Smith
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Frontiers in Marine Science
Series Number
Index ID 70173840
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Wetland and Aquatic Research Center