Geologic carbon storage (GCS) is likely to be an important part of global efforts to decarbonize the energy industry. Widespread deployment of GCS relies on strategies to maximize CO2 injection rates while minimizing reservoir pressurization that could induce seismicity and/or fluid leakage into groundwater resources. Brine extraction from CO2 storage formations with subsurface reinjection elsewhere could mitigate pressure buildup associated with GCS. Therefore, evaluation of CO2 storage resources should consider the injectivity of produced brine in geologic layers above or below the CO2 storage formation. For this study, a methodology was developed to estimate brine injectivity from formation depth and thickness using flow modeling and optimization techniques. The methodology was demonstrated in the Illinois Basin, where GCS in the Mt. Simon Sandstone is ongoing. Based on pressure constraints and considering only regions of the shallower units where salinity and sealing conditions were met, maximum brine injection rates were estimated within the Mt. Simon and three overlying hydrostratigraphic layers. Results indicate that a large area exists where CO2 injectivity could be optimized by brine extraction and reinjection.
|Title||Dynamic estimates of geologic CO2 storage resources in the Illinois Basin constrained by reinjectivity of brine extracted for pressure management|
|Authors||Michelle R. Plampin, Steven T. Anderson, Steven M. Cahan, Stefan Finsterle|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Eastern Energy Resources Science Center; Geology, Energy & Minerals Science Center|