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ECCOE Landsat quarterly Calibration and Validation report—Quarter 2, 2023

September 26, 2023

Executive Summary

The U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science Calibration and Validation (Cal/Val) Center of Excellence (ECCOE) focuses on improving the accuracy, precision, calibration, and product quality of remote-sensing data, leveraging years of multiscale optical system geometric and radiometric calibration and characterization experience. The ECCOE Landsat Cal/Val Team continually monitors the geometric and radiometric performance of active Landsat missions and makes calibration adjustments, as needed, to maintain data quality at the highest level.

This report provides observed geometric and radiometric analysis results for Landsats 7–8 for quarter 2 (April–June) of 2023. All data used to compile the Cal/Val analysis results presented in this report are freely available from the U.S. Geological Survey EarthExplorer website:

One specific activity that the ECCOE Landsat Cal/Val Team closely monitored was a Landsat 8 Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) Scene Select Mechanism (SSM) excursion anomaly. On April 21, 2023, a TIRS SSM excursion error flag was indicated in telemetry during a calibration activity when the SSM encoder was powered on and the mirror was between the nadir position and the deep space position. An initial recovery plan indicated the SSM was moving erratically, so the instrument was put into a safe state for additional troubleshooting. A second recovery plan was developed and successfully executed on April 23, 2023. Additional information about the Landsat 8 TIRS SSM excursion anomaly is available at

Publication Year 2023
Title ECCOE Landsat quarterly Calibration and Validation report—Quarter 2, 2023
DOI 10.3133/ofr20231075
Authors Md. Obaidul Haque, Rajagopalan Rengarajan, Mark Lubke, Md Nahid Hasan, Ashish Shrestha, Fatima Tuz Zafrin Tuli, Jerad L. Shaw, Alex Denevan, Shannon Franks, Kathryn Ruslander, Esad Micijevic, Michael J. Choate, Cody Anderson, Kurt Thome, Ed Kaita, Julia Barsi, Raviv Levy, Jeff Miller, Leibo Ding
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 2023-1075
Index ID ofr20231075
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center