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ECCOE Landsat quarterly Calibration and Validation report—Quarter 3, 2022

March 6, 2023

Executive Summary

The U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science Calibration and Validation (Cal/Val) Center of Excellence (ECCOE) focuses on improving the accuracy, precision, calibration, and product quality of remote-sensing data, leveraging years of multiscale optical system geometric and radiometric calibration and characterization experience. The ECCOE Landsat Cal/Val Team continually monitors the geometric and radiometric performance of active Landsat missions and makes calibration adjustments, as needed, to maintain data quality at the highest level.

This report provides observed geometric and radiometric analysis results for Landsats 7–8 for quarter 3 (July–September) of 2022. All data used to compile the Cal/Val analysis results presented in this report are freely available from the U.S. Geological Survey EarthExplorer website:

One specific activity that the ECCOE Landsat Cal/Val Team closely monitored was the lowering of the Landsat 7 orbit. On April 6, 2022, the Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor was placed into standby mode, and a series of spacecraft burns was completed through the month of April to lower the satellite’s orbit by 8 kilometers. Imaging resumed at a lower orbit of 697 kilometers on May 5, 2022, extending the science mission to allow for essential data acquisition during the 2022 Northern Hemisphere fire and growing season. Additional information about the Landsat 7 orbit lowering is here:'s%20primary%20science%20mission%20has%20ended&text=On%20April%206%2C%202022%2C%20the,satellite's%20orbit%20by%208%20kilometers.

Publication Year 2023
Title ECCOE Landsat quarterly Calibration and Validation report—Quarter 3, 2022
DOI 10.3133/ofr20231013
Authors Md Obaidul Haque, Rajagopalan Rengarajan, Mark Lubke, Md Nahid Hasan, Ashish Shrestha, Fatima Tuz Zafrin Tuli, Jerad L. Shaw, Alex Denevan, Shannon Franks, Esad Micijevic, Michael J. Choate, Cody Anderson, Kurt Thome, Ed Kaita, Julia Barsi, Raviv Levy, Jeff Miller
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 2023-1013
Index ID ofr20231013
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center