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Enhanced decomposition offsets enhanced productivity and soil carbon accumulation in coastal wetlands responding to climate change

January 1, 2011

Coastal wetlands are responsible for about half of all carbon burial in oceans, and their persistence as a valuable ecosystem depends largely on the ability to accumulate organic material at rates equivalent to relative sea level rise. Recent work suggests that 5 elevated CO2 and temperature warming will increase organic matter productivity and the ability of marshes to survive sea level rise. However, we find that organic decomposition rates increase by about 12% per degree of warming. Our measured temperature sensitivity is similar to studies from terrestrial systems, twice as high as the response of salt marsh productivity to temperature warming, and roughly equivalent to the productivity response associated with elevated CO2 10 in C3 marsh plants. Therefore, enhanced CO2 and warmer temperatures may actually make marshes less resilient to sea level rise, and tend to promote a release of soil carbon. Simple projections indicate that elevated temperatures will increase rates of sea level rise more than any acceleration in organic matter accumulation, suggesting the possibility of a positive feedback between 15 climate, sea level rise, and carbon emissions in coastal environment

Citation Information

Publication Year 2011
Title Enhanced decomposition offsets enhanced productivity and soil carbon accumulation in coastal wetlands responding to climate change
DOI 10.5194/bgd-8-707-2011
Authors Matthew Kirwan, L. K. Blum
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Biogeosciences Discussions
Series Number
Index ID 70036008
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Patuxent Wildlife Research Center