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Enzyme activities in plasma, kidney, liver, and muscle of five avian species

June 16, 2010

Activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatine phosphokinase (CPK), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined in plasma, kidney, liver, and muscle from five species of captive birds. Few differences occurred in plasma activities between sexes but considerable differences occurred between species. All five enzymes were detected in each of the tissues sampled. Relative enzyme activities in liver, kidney, and muscle were similar for each species. CPK activity was much higher in muscle than in liver or kidney and, of the five enzymes studied, may be the best indicator of muscle damage. Most of the other enzymes were more evenly distributed among the three tissues, and no organ-specific enzyme could be identified for liver or kidney. Because of interspecific variations in plasma enzyme activities, it is important to establish baseline values for each species to ensure accurate interpretation of results.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1985
Title Enzyme activities in plasma, kidney, liver, and muscle of five avian species
DOI 10.7589/0090-3558-21.1.33
Authors J. C. Franson, H. C. Murray, C. Bunck
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Index ID 5222038
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Patuxent Wildlife Research Center