The northwest-trending Chocolate Mountains are situated along the northeastern margin of the southern Salton Trough. The Chocolate Mountain Aerial Gunnery Range occupies most of the 75-km-long part of the Chocolate Mountains that lies between Salt Creek to the north and California State Highway 78 to the south. Mapping studies in the Chocolate Mountains within the gunnery range are few and this study was conducted in cooperation with the U.S. Navy (Naval Facilities Engineering Command Southwest, San Diego, California) and U.S. Marine Corps (Range Management Department, Marine Corps Air Station, Yuma, Arizona).
Crystalline basement rocks in the Chocolate Mountains range in age from early Proterozoic to middle Cenozoic. Early and middle Proterozoic metamorphosed sedimentary and plutonic rocks include sillimanite-biotite-quartz feldspar gneiss, layered biotite-quartz-feldspar gneiss, biotite-quartz-feldspar augen gneiss, and largely undeformed late Proterozoic anorthosite and syenite. These rock types, which crop out as dispersed domains in the Chocolate Mountains, are remnants—along with more extensive domains observed in the Eastern Transverse Ranges to the north and in the San Gabriel Mountains to the northwest—of an originally more continuous assemblage that has been dextrally displaced along strands of the San Andreas Fault System.
|Title||Geologic map and database of the Chocolate Mountain Aerial Gunnery Range, Riverside and Imperial Counties, California|
|Authors||Robert E. Powell, Robert J. Fleck, Pamela M. Cossette|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Open-File Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center|