Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses of selected streams near the city of Rittman in Wayne and Medina Counties, Ohio
The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District and the city of Rittman, Ohio, did a study to provide data to update and expand parts of two Federal Emergency Management Agency Flood Insurance Studies. The study consisted of hydrologic and hydraulic analyses for selected reaches of four streams (Chippewa Creek, Little Chippewa Creek, Styx River, and the unnamed tributary to Styx River) near the city of Rittman in Wayne and Medina Counties, Ohio. The study covered 36.2 miles of stream reaches.
Instantaneous peak streamflows for floods with 10-, 4-, 2-, 1-, and 0.2-percent and 1-percent plus annual exceedance probabilities were estimated using historical streamflow data from three U.S. Geological Survey streamgages and regional flood-frequency regression equations. The flood-frequency estimates were then used in a Hydrologic Engineering Center River Analysis System step-backwater model to determine water-surface profiles; flood-inundation boundaries for the 10-, 4-, 2-, 1-, and 0.2-percent and 1-percent plus annual exceedance probabilities; and a regulatory floodway for the study reaches. Model inputs included cross sections derived from a digital elevation model supplemented with field surveys of open-channel cross sections and hydraulic structures, field estimates of Manning’s roughness values, and flood estimates determined from regional regression equations and historical streamflow data. Flood-inundation boundaries were mapped for each stream reach for the 1- and 0.2-percent annual exceedance probability floods and a regulatory floodway. All data used in the creation of the flood-inundation boundaries are available through a U.S. Geological Survey data release (Ostheimer, 2021) and will be submitted to the Federal Emergency Management Agency for inclusion in updated Flood Insurance Studies for Wayne and Medina Counties.
|Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses of selected streams near the city of Rittman in Wayne and Medina Counties, Ohio
|Chad J. Ostheimer
|USGS Numbered Series
|Scientific Investigations Report
|USGS Publications Warehouse
|Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center