There are few published descriptions of male-male combat in Lampropeltis spp. under natural conditions. Shaw (1951. Herpetologica 7:149-168) briefly described aggressive interactions between two captive male L. annulata (Mexican Milksnakes) that appeared to be associated with feeding, and Moehn (1967. Copeia 1967:480–481) described the "combat dance" between two male L. calligaster (Prairie Kingsnakes) in the field over a period of 30 minutes, with the snakes "completely intertwined..." and "...in constant motion." Carpenter and Gillingham (1977. Southwest. Nat. 22:517–524) described and illustrated interactions of two male L. holbrooki (Speckled Kingsnake) in a small artificial enclosure. Tabulated categories of male–male combat behaviors in Boid, Colubrid, and Viperid snakes (including Lampropeltis spp.) have been compared in an attempt to relate behavior patterns to phylogenetic relationships (Senter et al. 2014. PLoS ONE 9(9): e107528).
|Title||Lampropeltis californiae (California kingsnake) behavior, male-male combat|
|Authors||S. Starr, Charles A. Drost, A.T. Holycross|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Herpetological Review|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Southwest Biological Science Center|