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Linear regression model documentation and updates for computing water-quality constituent concentrations or densities using continuous real-time water-quality data for the Kansas River, Kansas, July 2012 through September 2019

April 5, 2021

The Kansas River provides drinking water to about 800,000 people in northeastern Kansas. Water-treatment facilities that use the Kansas River as a water-supply source use chemical and physical processes during water treatment to remove contaminants before public distribution. Advanced notification of changing water-quality conditions near water-supply intakes allows water-treatment facilities to proactively adjust treatment. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Kansas Water Office (funded in part through the Kansas Water Plan), the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, The Nature Conservancy, the City of Lawrence, the City of Manhattan, the City of Olathe, the City of Topeka, and Johnson County WaterOne, collected water-quality data at the Kansas River at Wamego (USGS site 06887500; hereafter referred to as the “Wamego site”) and De Soto (USGS site 06892350; hereafter referred to as the “De Soto site”) monitoring sites to update previously published regression models relating continuous water-quality sensor measurements, streamflow, and seasonal components to discretely sampled water-quality constituent concentrations or densities. Linear regression analysis was used to update and develop models for total dissolved solids, major ions, hardness as calcium carbonate, nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus species), chlorophyll a, total suspended solids, suspended sediment, and fecal indicator bacteria at the Wamego and De Soto monitoring sites using data collected during July 2012 through September 2019. The water-quality information documented in this report can be used as guidance for water-treatment processes and to characterize changes in water-quality conditions in the Kansas River over time that would not be otherwise possible.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2021
Title Linear regression model documentation and updates for computing water-quality constituent concentrations or densities using continuous real-time water-quality data for the Kansas River, Kansas, July 2012 through September 2019
DOI 10.3133/ofr20211018
Authors Thomas J. Williams
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 2021-1018
Index ID ofr20211018
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Kansas Water Science Center