The Midcontinent Rift System (MRS) of North America is one of the world’s largest continental rifts and has an age of 1.1 Ga (giga-annum). The MRS hosts a diverse suite of magmatic and hydrothermal mineral deposits in the Lake Superior region where rift rocks are exposed at or near the surface. As part of the construction of a database summarizing information on mineral deposits in the MRS, data from regional mineral deposits were downloaded from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS), the USGS Mineral Deposit Database (USMIN), and the Ontario Ministry of Energy, Northern Development and Mines Mineral Deposit Inventory (MDI). Deposits related to MRS rocks or mineralizing events were identified and compiled into a database to develop a space/time classification for MRS-related mineral deposits. Information from MRDS, USMIN, and MDI records and from the extensive literature describing MRS mineral deposits was used to classify each entry by deposit type, host rock age and type, and estimated mineralization age. Most deposits were readily classified because of unique mineralogy, location, or well-constrained host rock. These deposits were then put into a tectonic evolutionary framework for the MRS, which showed that many deposits formed within discrete spatial and temporal stages of rift evolution.
|Title||Mineral resource database for deposits related to the Mesoproterozoic Midcontinent Rift System, United States and Canada|
|Authors||Laurel G. Woodruff, Klaus J. Schulz, Connie L. Dicken, Suzanne W. Nicholson|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Open-File Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Mineral Resources Program|