Mineral Resources Program


The USGS Mineral Resources Program (MRP) delivers unbiased science and information to increase understanding of ore formation, undiscovered mineral resource potential, production, consumption, and how minerals interact with the environment.  MRP supports data collection and research on a wide variety of non-fuel mineral resources that are important to the Nation’s economic and national security.

Mineral Statistics and Commodity Information

Mineral Statistics and Commodity Information

Statistics and information on minerals and materials essential to the U.S. economy, the national security, and the flow of materials through production, supply chains, recycling and sustainability.

Minerals Information

Mineral Resources Online Spatial Data

Mineral Resources Online Spatial Data

Interactive maps and downloadable data for regional and global geology, geochemistry, geophysics, and mineral resources.

USMIN Mineral Deposit Database

Find Data

Science Priorities

We study geologic processes that concentrate known mineral resources at specific localities in the Earth's crust, and assess quantities, qualities, and areas of undiscovered mineral resources, or potential future supply.

Minerals Information and Material Flow

Characterization and Identification of Critical Mineral Resources

Mineral Resource Assessments

Mineral System Life Cycles

Regional Studies and Mineral Resources

Labs and Data

Earth Mapping Resources Initiative (Earth MRI)

Discover Our Science


Date published: November 17, 2021

GeoFlight Takes to the Air to Help Identify Geothermal and Mineral Resources at the Salton Sea

The following is an excerpt from a joint blog post issued by the Department of Energy’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office and the Department of the Interior’s Office of Water & Science regarding the new GeoFlight: Salton Trough initiative.

Date published: November 8, 2021

USGS Seeks Public Comment on Draft List of 50 Minerals Deemed Critical to US National Security and the Economy 

List includes minerals key to all sectors of economy including tech and defense 



Editor's note: A correction was made to this news release and the Federal Register Notice November 17 to fix an issue with the public comment section. The published correction can be found here.   

To make a public comment, click here.

Date published: October 27, 2021

USGS and Rio Tinto Partner to Survey for Critical Minerals in Southwest Montana

A new partnership between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the science agency for the U.S. Department of the Interior, and Rio Tinto, a leading mining and metals company, will provide a clearer picture of the potential for critical mineral resources beneath the Continental Divide near Montana’s Boulder Batholith.


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Year Published: 2022

Tungsten skarn potential of the Yukon-Tanana Upland, eastern Alaska, USA—A mineral resource assessment

Tungsten (W) is used in a variety of industrial and technological applications and has been identified as a critical mineral for the United States, India, the European Union, and other countries. These countries rely on W imports mostly from China, which leaves them vulnerable to supply disruption. Consequently, the U.S. government...

Case, George N.D.; Graham, Garth E.; Marsh, Erin E.; Taylor, Ryan; Green, Carlin J.; Brown II, Philip J.; Labay, Keith A.

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Year Published: 2021

Mapping critical minerals from the sky

Critical mineral resources titanium, zirconium, and rare earth elements occur in placer deposits over vast parts of the U.S. Atlantic Coastal Plain. Key questions regarding provenance, pathways of minerals to deposit sites, and relations to geologic features remain unexplained. As part of a national effort to collect data over regions prospective...

Shah, Anjana K.; Morrow, Robert; Pace, Michael; Harris, M.Scott; Doar III, William

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Year Published: 2021

Geochemistry and mineralogy of metallurgical slag

Slag is a waste product from the pyrometallurgical processing of natural ores or the recycling of man-made materials. This chapter provides an overview of the geochemical and mineralogical characteristics of different types of slag. A review of the analytical methods used to determine these characteristics is also provided. Ferrous slags include...

Piatak, Nadine M.; Ettler, Vojtech; Hoppe, Darryl Andre