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Modeling and estimation of stage-specific daily survival probabilities of nests

January 1, 2000

In studies of avian nesting success, it is often of interest to estimate stage-specific daily survival probabilities of nests. When data can be partitioned by nesting stage (e.g., incubation stage, nestling stage), piecewise application of the Mayfield method or Johnson's method is appropriate. However, when the data contain nests where the transition from one stage to the next occurred during the interval between visits, piecewise approaches are inappropriate. In this paper, I present a model that allows joint estimation of stage-specific daily survival probabilities even when the time of transition between stages is unknown. The model allows interval lengths between visits to nests to vary, and the exact time of failure of nests does not need to be known. The performance of the model at various sample sizes and interval lengths between visits was investigated using Monte Carlo simulations, and it was found that the model performed quite well: bias was small and confidence-interval coverage was at the nominal 95% rate. A SAS program for obtaining maximum likelihood estimates of parameters, and their standard errors, is provided in the Appendix.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2000
Title Modeling and estimation of stage-specific daily survival probabilities of nests
DOI 10.1890/0012-9658(2000)081[2048:MAEOSS]2.0.CO;2
Authors T.R. Stanley
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Ecology
Series Number
Index ID 1015098
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Fort Collins Science Center