Rapid Arctic environmental change affects the entire Earth system as thawing permafrost ecosystems release greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Understanding how much permafrost carbon will be released, over what time frame, and what the relative emissions of carbon dioxide and methane will be is key for understanding the impact on global climate. In addition, the response of vegetation in a warming climate has the potential to offset at least some of the accelerating feedback to the climate from permafrost carbon. Temperature, organic carbon, and ground ice are key regulators for determining the impact of permafrost ecosystems on the global carbon cycle. Together, these encompass services of permafrost relevant to global society as well as to the people living in the region and help to determine the landscape-level response of this region to a changing climate.
|Title||Permafrost and climate change: Carbon cycle feedbacks from the warming Arctic|
|Authors||Edward A. Schuur, Benjamin W. Abbott, Roisin Commane, Jessica Ernakovich, Eugenie S. Euskirchen, Gustaf Hugelius, Guido Grosse, Miriam C. Jones, Charlie Koven, Victor Leyshk, David J Lawrence, Michael M Loranty, Marguerite Mauritz, David Olefeldt, Susan M Natali, Heidi Rodenhizer, Verity Salmon, Christina Schädel, Jens Strauss, Claire C. Treat, Merritt Turetsky|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Annual Review of Earth Science|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Florence Bascom Geoscience Center|