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Seismic monitoring to assess performance of structures In near‐real time: Recent progress

July 8, 2008
Earlier papers have described how observed data from classical accelerometers deployed in structures or from differential GPS with high sampling ratios deployed at roofs of tall buildings can be configured to establish seismic health monitoring of structures. In these configurations, drift ratios1 are the main parametric indicator of damage condition of a structure or component of a structure.

Real‐time measurement of displacements are acquired either by double integration of accelerometer time‐series data, or by directly using GPS. Recorded sensor data is then related to the performance level of a building. Performance‐based design method stipulates that for a building the amplitude of relative displacement of the roof of a building (with respect to its base) indicates its performance.

Usually, drift ratio is computed using relative displacement between two consecutive floors. When accelerometers are used, a specific software is used to compute displacements and drift ratios in realtime by double integration of accelerometer data from several floors. However, GPS‐measured relative displacements are limited to being acquired only at the roof with respect to its reference base. Thus, computed drift ratio is the average drift ratio for the whole building. Until recently, the validity of measurements using GPS was limited to long‐period structures (T>1 s)">(T>1 s) because GPS systems readily available were limited to 10–20 samples per seconds (sps) capability. However, presently, up to 50 sps differential GPS systems are available on the market and have been successfully used to monitor drift ratios [1,2]—thus enabling future usefulness of GPS to all types of structures. Several levels of threshold drift ratios can be postulated in order to make decisions for inspections and/or occupancy.

Experience with data acquired from both accelerometers and GPS deployments indicates that they are reliable and provide pragmatic alternatives to alert the owners and other authorized parties to make informed decisions and select choices for pre‐defined actions following significant events.
Publication Year 2008
Title Seismic monitoring to assess performance of structures In near‐real time: Recent progress
DOI 10.1063/1.2963922
Authors Mehmet Çelebi
Publication Type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Index ID 70236324
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse