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Toward an effective global green economy: The Critical Minerals Mapping Initiative (CMMI)

March 1, 2021

Global population growth, economic development and the accelerating pace of technological innovation are driving increased demand for non-fuel mineral commodities that are vital for emerging and low-carbon technologies. Examples of such commodities include cobalt and graphite for rechargeable batteries, tellurium in thin-film solar photovoltaics and rare earth elements (REE) in permanent magnets, electronics and medical technologies. These commodities are known as critical elements and/or minerals (collectively referred to as critical minerals), with the term critical used to define not only their importance for new technologies, but also their demand and vulnerability to supply disruption. The demand for critical minerals is likely to continue to grow, but supply is not assured. Therefore, national strategies in Australia, Canada, United States and elsewhere (e.g. Europe: Wittenberg et al. 2021) are being developed to encourage exploration and production, including resolving the geological processes responsible for their enrichrichment into viable ore deposits. In 2019, Geoscience Australia (GA), the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) formed the Critical Minerals Mapping Initiative (CMMI) to undertake research to develop a better understanding of critical mineral resources in known deposits, determine the geological controls on critical mineral distribution for deposits currently producing by-products, and identify new sources of supply through mineral prospectivity mapping and resource assessment.

Publication Year 2021
Title Toward an effective global green economy: The Critical Minerals Mapping Initiative (CMMI)
Authors Karen D. Kelley, David Huston, Jan Peter
Publication Type Newsletter
Publication Subtype Newsletter
Series Title SGA News
Index ID 70222575
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center