Toxicity of effluents from two sewage treatment plants in Joplin, Missouri, was tested using Ceriodaphnia dubia and Pimephales promelas. No test organisms survived in effluents from either plant, in effluents diluted with water from Turkey Creek (the receiving stream), or in water from Turkey Creek. Mortality was complete in all but the most dilute treatments of effluents, in which reconstituted water was used as the diluent. High concentrations of pentachlorophenol (130–970 μg liter−1) in effluents and the receiving stream likely caused mortality during the 7-day tests. Detectable concentrations of other phenolic compounds indicated the presence in Turkey Creek of other toxic by-products of pentachlorophenol manufacture. This study demonstrated the utility of biological tests of whole effluents to determine toxicity of wastewater effluents.
|Title||Toxicity of municipal wastewater effluents contaminated by pentachlorophenol in southwest Missouri|
|Authors||G.D. Wylie, S.E. Finger, R.W. Crawford|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Environmental Pollution|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Western Ecological Research Center|