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Validation of behave fire behavior predictions in oak savannas

January 1, 1997

Prescribed fire is a valuable tool in the restoration and management of oak savannas. BEHAVE, a fire behavior prediction system developed by the United States Forest Service, can be a useful tool when managing oak savannas with prescribed fire. BEHAVE predictions of fire rate-of-spread and flame length were validated using four standardized fuel models: Fuel Model 1 (short grass), Fuel Model 2 (timber and grass), Fuel Model 3 (tall grass), and Fuel Model 9 (hardwood litter). Also, a customized oak savanna fuel model (COSFM) was created and validated. Results indicate that standardized fuel model 2 and the COSFM reliably estimate mean rate-of-spread (MROS). The COSFM did not appreciably reduce MROS variation when compared to fuel model 2. Fuel models 1, 3, and 9 did not reliably predict MROS. Neither the standardized fuel models nor the COSFM adequately predicted flame lengths. We concluded that standardized fuel model 2 should be used with BEHAVE when predicting fire rates-of-spread in established oak savannas.

Publication Year 1997
Title Validation of behave fire behavior predictions in oak savannas
Authors Keith W. Grabner, John Dwyer, Bruce E. Cutter
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype Federal Government Series
Series Title General Technical Report
Series Number NC-188
Index ID 2000070
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center