Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) have migrated to groundwater beneath a former 9-acre landfill at Operable Unit 1 (OU-1) on Naval Base Kitsap, which was active from the 1930s through 1973 on the Keyport Peninsula, in Kitsap County, Washington. Biodegradation of CVOCs at OU-1 limits the mass of dissolved-phase CVOCs in groundwater that discharges to surface water, but contaminant concentrations up to 630 milligrams per liter persist in localized areas, likely from the dissolution of residual, non-aqueous phase liquids. Variable-density groundwater-flow and contaminant-transport models were developed using the SEAWAT-Version 4 computer program to simulate the direction and rate of groundwater flow in a 5.9 square-mile (mi2) - area surrounding the Keyport Peninsula, to estimate the CVOC mass in groundwater and the rate of mass loading, and to assess possible remedial activities at OU-1.
The study area is underlain by Quaternary deposits consisting of alternating glacial and interglacial sediments ranging from 500 to 1,500 feet (ft) thick. A hydrogeologic model delineated a sequence of 10 units including a relatively thin package (less than 100 ft) of recent sediments (Vashon Stade and younger) beneath the Keyport Peninsula that are underlain by the much thicker (more than 300 ft) Clover Park Aquitard, which overlies a confined, sea-level aquifer.
|Title||Variable-density groundwater flow and contaminant transport, Operable Unit 1, Naval Base Kitsap, Keyport, Washington|
|Authors||Richard M. Yager, Wendy B. Welch, Alexander Headman, Richard S. Dinicola|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Scientific Investigations Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Washington Water Science Center|