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Watershed hydrology assessment for the Lower Colorado River Basin. Appendix A: Statistical hydrology

January 1, 2024

Statistical analysis of the observational record from U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages and period of historical flow observations prior to the gage installation provides an informative means of estimating flood flow frequency. The U.S. Geological Survey contributed to the InFRM team’s efforts by performing the statistical analysis of the gaged record and authored this Appendix to the Lower Watershed Hydrology Assessment. Flood flow frequency is defined by values or quantiles of streamflow for selected annual exceedance probabilities (AEPs) (England and others, 2019). The annual peak streamflow data collected as part of the systematic operation of a streamgage provides the foundation for a detailed analysis of peak streamflow, but additional historical information pertaining to peak streamflows that predates the installation of a streamgage also can be used. An annual peak streamflow is defined as the maximum instantaneous streamflow for a streamgage for a given water year, and annual peak streamflow data for USGS streamgages can be acquired through the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) database (USGS, 2022). The statistical analyses are based on water-year increments. A water year is the 12-month period from October 1 of a given year through September 30 of the following year designated by the calendar year in which it ends.

For the statistical hydrology portion of a multifaceted analysis, InFRM team members from the USGS analyzed annual peak streamflow records for the 45 USGS streamgages (gages) and 21 Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) streamgages (gages) in the lower Colorado River Basin listed in Table A.1 and Table A.8. The locations of USGS gages are also shown on Figure A.1, Figure A.2, and Figure A.3, and the locations of LCRA gages are shown in Section 1.4. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Publication Year 2024
Title Watershed hydrology assessment for the Lower Colorado River Basin. Appendix A: Statistical hydrology
Authors David Wallace, Kara M. Watson
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype Federal Government Series
Series Title Interagency Flood Risk Management Report
Index ID 70250996
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Oklahoma-Texas Water Science Center