# Photo and Video Chronology - Kīlauea - November 26, 2004

Release Date:

Day after Thanksgiving on the PKK flow

Looking southwest across new lava delta at east Laeapuki. Entry in lower right is from new eastern appendage of delta, supplied by eastern finger of PKK flow. Rest of glow is on main part of new delta and is from lava supplied by central part of PKK flow near coast. Flow in right half of view is fed by cascade breaking out from tube about one-third of way down old sea cliff. Width of view is about 60-70 m.

(Public domain.)

View from same place as left image, showing entry off new eastern appendage of delta.

(Public domain.)

Main part of lava delta viewed from above its eastern appendage.

(Public domain.)

Surf basking in glow from lava entering water off eastern appendage of delta.

(Public domain.)

Breakout from small tube in PKK flow within 100 m of old sea cliff. Width off flow front, about 1.5 m.

(Public domain.)

Close view of bulbous toe of lava, showing details of its skin, including stretched bubble walls and filaments. Toe is about 20 cm thick.

(Public domain.)

Lava oozing from under crust and developing vertical split, from which lava emerged to form another toe just a few seconds later. Note stretched bubbles clearly showing the rolling nature of the lava as it surfaces from under the crust. Thickness of flowing lava, 15-20 cm.

(Public domain.)

Sheet of lava being delivered from under crust. Note the piece of crust that broke away and is being carried along on a free ride. With imagination, one can see stretched fingers grasping for a way out.

(Public domain.)

Map of flows from Puu Oo: 19 November 2004

Map shows lava flows erupted during 1983-present activity of Puu Oo and Kupaianaha.

Shades of red and bright yellow denote Mother's Day flow field, which began erupting on May 12, 2002 and continues to the present. Darkest red indicates lava flows erupted in November 2003-August 2004, including the labeled Banana flow, which developed gradually starting in the middle of April. Orange shade denotes MLK flow, erupted in January and, in brief spurts, subsequently. Yellow shade indicates Kuhio (PKK) flow, active most of the time from March 20 through November and reaching the sea on the evening of November 5-6.

Through September and into early October 2003, lava was moving along the east and west sides of the Mother's Day flow. The east-side lava (known as the August 9 breakout) came from the August 9 rootless shield, itself fed by the main Mother's Day tube from Puu Oo. The west side lava, known as the Kohola arm of the Mother's Day flow, branched off the tube system below the rootless shield.

In early October 2003, the August 9 breakout stopped moving, the Kohola died back to a trickle, and the one labeled rootless shield gained prominence. By October 16, however, the shield had partly collapsed, leaving several drained perched ponds behind. Upstream from the shield, many hornitos and small flows formed over the Mother's Day tube. Soon thereafter, other rootless shields began to form over the Mother's Day, August 9, and Kohola tubes.

New vents opened at the southern base of Puu Oo on January 19 and fed Martin Luther King (MLK) flows, which remained active until March 5. Several small vents formed during this time. On March 20, Kuhio (PKK) flow originated from two vents, main one about 250 m south of base of Puu Oo. This flow has remained active most of the time to the August 24 date of this map.

The Banana flow developed from breakouts from the Mother's Day lava tube, centered near the former Banana Tree kipuka. The breakouts become prominent in the middle of April, and lava started down Pulama pali shortly thereafter. This is the time that we assigned the name Banana to the flow.

Vents in West Gap Pit became active in early October, were quiet for 3 weeks, and then resumed intermittent activity that continued well into December. Other vents were also sporadically active in Puka Nui (near West Gap Pit) and in the crater of Puu Oo.

(Public domain.)

Map of Puu Oo and vicinity: 24 August 2004

Map shows vents, lava flows, and other features near Puu O`o frequently referred to in updates (see large map). These features change often, but this map should help those viewers lost in the terminology. The cones in West Gap are just outside the boundary of the crater--the oval-shaped depression containing the seven numbered vents (now down to 6, as Humble Vent has been buried by a mound of lava flows erupted from Dave's Pit/Vent in March. Red color denotes flows--the Mother's Day flows--erupted since May 12, 2002. Light orange color indicates episode-55 flows erupted between March 1997 and August 2002 (exclusive of Mother's Day flows). Darker orange represents MLK flows; yellow, PKK flow; purple, Puka Nui flow. Vents for these sets of flows shown by indicated symbols. Gray shows flows of earlier episodes.

(Public domain.)