National Geospatial Program

Publications

Here you will find publications, reports and articles produced by the National Geospatial Program (NGP) scientists. For a comprehensive listing of all USGS publications please click the button below.

Filter Total Items: 150
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Year Published: 2021

Spatial data reduction through element -of-interest (EOI) extraction

Any large, multifaceted data collection that is challenging to handle with traditional management practices can be branded ‘Big Data.’ Any big data containing geo-referenced attributes can be considered big geospatial data. The increased proliferation of big geospatial data is currently reforming the geospatial industry into a data-driven...

Arundel, Samantha; Usery, E. Lynn

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Year Published: 2021

3D Elevation Program—Federal best practices

The goal of the 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) is to complete nationwide data acquisition in 8 years, by 2023, to provide the first-ever national baseline of consistent high-resolution three-dimensional data—including bare earth elevations and three-dimensional point clouds—collected in a timeframe of less than a decade. Successful implementation of...

Lukas, Vicki; Baez, Vanessa
Lukas, V., and Baez, V., 2021, 3D Elevation Program—Federal best practices: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3062, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203062.

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Year Published: 2020

Semantically enabling map projections knowledge

Map projections are an area of cartography with a firm mathematical foundation for their creation and display providing a basis for a knowledge representation. Using only variations on a single equation set, an infinite number of projections can be created, but less than 100 are in active use. Because each projection preserves specific...

Usery, E. Lynn

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Year Published: 2020

Elevation-derived hydrography acquisition specifications

Hydrographic features derived from U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 3D Elevation Program data, and collected for use by the USGS, must meet the specifications described in this document. The specifications described herein pertain to the final product delivered to the USGS, not to methods used to derive the hydrographic features. The specifications...

Terziotti, Silvia; Archuleta, Christy-Ann
Terziotti, S., and Archuleta, C.M., 2020, Elevation-Derived Hydrography Acquisition Specifications: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 11, chap. B11, 74 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm11B11.

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Year Published: 2020

Elevation-derived hydrography—Representation, extraction, attribution, and delineation rules

With the increasing availability of 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) quality high resolution elevation data across the United States and the pressing need for better integrated elevation and hydrography data, the U.S. Geological Survey is developing guidance to improve the horizontal and vertical alignment of these datasets. The U.S. Geological Survey...

Archuleta, Christy-Ann; Terziotti, Silvia
Archuleta, C.M., and Terziotti, S., 2020, Elevation-Derived Hydrography—Representation, Extraction, Attribution, and Delineation Rules: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 11, chap. B12, 60 p., https://doi.org/ 10.3133/ tm11B12.

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Year Published: 2020

NHDPlus High Resolution (NHDPlus HR)---A hydrography framework for the Nation

Reliable and accurate high-resolution mapping of the Nation’s waters are critical inputs to models and decision support systems used to predict risk and enable response to impacts on water resources. It is necessary to know where the water is and how it relates to features beyond the stream network like forests, cities, and infrastructure. An up-...

Buto, Susan G.; Anderson, Rebecca D.
Buto, S.G., and Anderson, R.D., 2020, NHDPlus High Resolution (NHDPlus HR)---A hydrography framework for the Nation: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020-3033, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203033.

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Year Published: 2020

Defining technology operational readiness for the 3D Elevation Program—A plan for investment, incubation, and adoption

The 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) is an acquisition strategy that uses data from commercial remote sensing technologies to create three-dimensional maps of the United States and U.S. territories. Currently, light detection and ranging and interferometric synthetic aperture radar are the two commercial technologies being used to provide three-...

Stoker, Jason M.
Stoker, J.M., 2020, Defining technology operational readiness for the 3D Elevation Program—A plan for investment, incubation, and adoption: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1015, 7 p., https://doi.org/ 10.3133/ ofr20201015.

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Year Published: 2020

The 3D Elevation Program and energy for the Nation

High-resolution light detection and ranging (lidar) data are used in energy infrastructure siting, design, permitting, construction, and monitoring to promote public safety through the reduction of risks. For example, lidar data are used to identify safe locations for energy infrastructure by analyzing terrain parameters and identifying and...

Thatcher, Cindy A.; Lukas, Vicki; Stoker, Jason M.
Thatcher, C.A., Lukas, Vicki, and Stoker, J.M., 2020, The 3D Elevation Program and energy for the Nation: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3051, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193051.

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Year Published: 2020

Improving geospatial query performance of an interoperable geographic situation-awareness system (IGSAS) for disaster response

Disaster response operations require fast and coordinated actions based on the real-time disaster situation information. Although Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) or crowdsourced geospatial data applications have demonstrated to be valuable tools for gathering real-time disaster situation information, they only provide limited utility for...

Zhang, Chuanrong; Zhao, Tian; Usery, E. Lynn; Varanka, Dalia E.; Li, Weidong

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Year Published: 2019

User's guide for the national hydrography dataset plus (NHDPlus) high resolution

The National Hydrography Dataset Plus High Resolution (NHDPlus HR) is a scalable geospatial hydrography framework built from the High Resolution (1:24,000-scale or better) National Hydrography Dataset (NHD), nationally complete Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD), and ⅓-arc-second (10-meter ground spacing) 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) digital...

Moore, Richard B.; McKay, Lucinda D.; Rea, Alan H.; Bondelid, Timothy R.; Price, Curtis V.; Dewald, Thomas G.; Johnston, Craig M.
Moore, R.B., McKay, L.D., Rea, A.H., Bondelid, T.R., Price, C.V., Dewald, T.G., and Johnston, C.M., 2019, User's guide for the national hydrography dataset plus (NHDPlus) high resolution: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1096, 66 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191096.

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Year Published: 2019

U.S. Geological Survey accomplishments in cartography 2015-2019

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the United States' official national topographic mapping organization, is building and maintaining geographic databases for fundamental base geographic layers of land cover, structures, boundaries, hydrography, geographic names, transportation, elevation, and orthoimagery as The National Map. Data from the 3D...

Usery, E. Lynn

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Year Published: 2019

Problems of Large Spatial Databases

Large spatial databases often labeled as geospatial big data exceed the capacity of commonly used computing systems as a result of data volume, variety, velocity, and veracity. Additional problems also labeled with V’s are cited, but the four primary ones are the most problematic and focus of this chapter (Li et al., 2016, Panimalar et al., 2017...

Usery, E. Lynn