Remote cameras (“trail cameras”) are a popular tool for non-invasive, continuous wildlife monitoring, and as they become more prevalent in wildlife research, machine learning (ML) is increasingly used to automate or accelerate the labor-intensive process of labelling (i.e., tagging) photos. Human-machine hybrid tagging approaches have been shown to greatly increase tagging efficiency (i.e., time to tag a single image). However, those potential increases hinge on the extent to which an ML model makes correct vs. incorrect predictions. We performed an experiment using a ML model that produces bounding boxes around animals, people, and vehicles in remote camera imagery (MegaDetector), to consider the impact of a ML model’s performance on its ability to accelerate human labeling. Six participants tagged trail camera images collected from 12 sites in Vermont and Maine, USA (January-September 2022) using three tagging methods (one with ML bounding box assistance and two without assistance).
|Title||Evaluating a tandem human-machine approach to labelling of wildlife in remote camera monitoring|
|Authors||Laurence Clarfeld, Therese M Donovan, Alexej Siren, Brendan Mulhall, Elena Bernier, John Farrell, Gus Lunde, Nicole Hardy, Robert H Abrams, Sue Staats, Scott McLellan|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Cooperative Research Units|