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Fractional estimates of exotic annual grass cover in dryland ecosystems of western United States (2016 - 2019)

June 19, 2020

The dryland ecosystems of the western United States have been invaded by exotic annual grasses, such as cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.), that has promoted increased fire activity and reduced biodiversity detrimental to socio-environmental systems. The use of remote sensing tools to monitor exotic annual grass cover and dynamics over large areas can support early detection and rapid response initiatives. This dataset was generated using in situ observations from Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring data (AIM) plots, weekly composites of harmonized Landsat and Sentinel-2 (HLS) data, relevant environmental, vegetation, remotely sensed, and geophysical factors and machine learning techniques to develop fractional estimates of exotic annual grass cover at a 30-m spatial resolution for 2016 to 2019. A total of 10,906 AIM plots from years 2016 - 2019 were used to train an ensemble of regression tree models (n=5). Besides cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), other species such as Bromus arvensis L., Bromus briziformis, Bromus catharticus Vahl, Bromus commutatus, Bromus diandrus, Bromus hordeaceus L., Bromus japonicus, Bromus mardritensis L.,Bromus racemosus, Bromus rubens L., Bromus secalinus L., Bromus texensis (Shear) Hitchc., Taeniatherum caput-medusae were included in the study. The geographic coverage includes rangelands in the Great Basin, the Snake River Plain, the state of Wyoming, and contiguous areas.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2020
Title Fractional estimates of exotic annual grass cover in dryland ecosystems of western United States (2016 - 2019)
DOI 10.5066/P9XT1BV2
Authors Dahal Devendra (Contractor), Wylie Bruce K, Parajuli Sujan, Pastick Neal (Contractor) J
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Earthquake Science Center

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