Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Hydraulic Conductivity and Transmissivity Estimates from Slug Tests in Wells Within the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, Arkansas and Mississippi, 2020

July 3, 2023

During the spring and summer of 2020, the U.S. Geological Survey, Lower Mississippi – Gulf Water Science Center, conducted single well slug tests on selected wells within the Mississippi Alluvial Plain in Arkansas and Mississippi to estimate hydraulic conductivity (K) and transmissivity (T) values for the aquifers in which the wells are screened. A total of 324 tests were conducted on 48 wells. The computer software AQTESOLV version 4.50.002 (HydroSOLVE, Inc., 2007) was used to interpret the slug test data to estimate K and T values. Mean estimates of K for the 44 wells screened in the Mississippi River Valley alluvial aquifer ranged from 3 to 401 feet per day (ft/day) and mean estimates of T ranged from 285 to 80,559 square feet per day (ft2/day). Mean estimates of K for the 4 wells screened in the Sparta Sand or 500-foot Sand (Memphis Aquifer) that make up part of the middle Claiborne aquifer of the Mississippi embayment aquifer system ranged from 0.14 to 183 ft/day and mean estimates of T ranged from 55 to 67,913 ft2/day.
This Data Release contains the following data and supporting metadata:

A PDF document with calibration information for the mechanical slugs used for testing.
A zipped file of the site files containing:

The site’s slug test field form (pdf).
Digital images of the site (jpg).
Water-level pressure transducer log files (csv),
Excel files(s) of transducer data with Time vs. Water Depth plots and the selected Time – Displacement data used for analysis.
The AQTESOLV solution report files (aqt) for each slug test.

A summary data file in two formats (csv & GIS shape file) including the following information for each site:

Site information [site name, agency code, USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) site number]
Location information (latitude, longitude, state, county).
Well construction information [well depth and diameter, casing diameter, top and bottom of opening (screen), and opening (screen) length].
Aquifer information (local and national aquifer codes, and aquifer thickness).
Slug test information (test date and static water-level).
Estimates information (minimum, mean, median, and maximum K and T values and the solution method).

An equipment documentation file (csv) listing the water-level tape, transducer, and slug used at each site.
A water-level documentation file (csv) listing the before and after testing water-level measurements for each site.
A model input file (csv) listing the values input into the model for each test.
A model solutions file (csv) listing both the “Visual” and “Auto” match solution estimates for the slug tests at each site.

Additional information, including discussions of the hydrogeologic setting, well descriptions, slug testing and analysis methods, and a summary of the slug test results are available in the Scientific Investigations Report associated with this Data Release (Pugh, 2022).
This dataset was collected and analyzed as part of the U.S. Geological Survey, Mississippi Alluvial Plain Regional Water-Availability Study

Publication Year 2023
Title Hydraulic Conductivity and Transmissivity Estimates from Slug Tests in Wells Within the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, Arkansas and Mississippi, 2020
DOI 10.5066/P9AXRVT7
Authors Aaron L Pugh
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center