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Water table depth, soil moisture, and meteorological data from Panola Mountain Research Watershed, 2017 - 2020

November 1, 2021

These data represent time-series of water table depth from nine monitoring wells, soil moisture from three depths at a single monitoring location, and meteorological data from a weather station at the Panola Mountain Research Watershed (PMRW) in Rockdale County Georgia. Water-level data were logged at a 5 minute interval. In total, the data span from April 2017 to April 2020 but some wells did not get instrumented with pressure transducers until May 2018 so there are some minor differences in record length. Soil moisture spans from April 2017 to October 2019 and data is presented as hourly average volumetric water content at each depth. Meteorological data spans from April 2017 to October 2019 and is presented as hourly averages, or hourly total, in the case of precipitation. The study associated with these data focused on the growing season only and specifically rain-free days. Data from April 15 to October 30 each year were highly scrutinized, and any data spikes were removed from the record. Data during the dormant season (NOV - MAR) and beyond October 2019 did not receive the same level of scrutiny because it was not the focus of the study. Dormant season water level date was still adjusted (if necessary) based on manual water level tape down measurements but no further adjustments or QAQC was performed. Further, these data were plotted, and no gross errors were noticed. We are providing the full time-series as these data will likely be more useful to others than just the rain-free periods we focused on. Users of the data are highly encouraged to thoroughly explore the data, especially during the dormant season, before use. This data release contains three tabular data files each with an associated metadata file. The data files are: 1.) Water level and water temperature data from nine monitoring wells; 2.) Meteorological data and soil moisture, and; 3.) latitude and longitude of the data collection sites included in this data release.