Regression models for estimating sediment, nutrient concentrations and loads at School Branch at Brownsburg, Indiana, June 2015 through February 2019
Sediment and nutrient transport in the School Branch watershed (in central Indiana west of Indianapolis) is considered to be heavily affected by agricultural land use throughout the watershed. In 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Indiana Department of Environmental Management, deployed continuous water-quality monitors and began collecting discrete water-quality samples at the streamflow-gaging station School Branch at CR750N at Brownsburg, Indiana (U.S. Geological Survey station 03353420). Regression models that estimate concentrations of suspended sediment, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus were developed by relating streamflow and continuously monitored water-quality data to concentrations measured in discrete water-quality samples collected from June 2015 through February 2019. Regression model diagnostics indicated that streamflow and sensor-measured turbidity concentrations explained about 95 percent of the variation in suspended-sediment concentration and 73 percent of the variation in total phosphorus concentration. Similarly, streamflow and sensor-measured nitrate plus nitrite concentrations explained about 97 percent of the variation in total nitrogen concentrations.
Daily loads of suspended sediment, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus were computed from regression model concentrations and instantaneous streamflow. The estimated mean daily suspended-sediment discharge (June 2015 through February 2019) was 1.184 tons per day; the estimated median suspended-sediment discharge was 0.053 tons per day. The estimated mean daily total nitrogen discharge (June 2015 through February 2019) was 127.50 pounds per day; the estimated median total nitrogen discharge was 28.49 pounds per day. The estimated mean daily total phosphorus discharge (June 2015 through February 2019) was 12.08 pounds per day; the estimated median total-phosphorus discharge was 1.208 pounds per day.
|Regression models for estimating sediment, nutrient concentrations and loads at School Branch at Brownsburg, Indiana, June 2015 through February 2019
|Myles S. Downhour, Aubrey R. Bunch, Timothy R. Lathrop
|USGS Numbered Series
|Scientific Investigations Report
|USGS Publications Warehouse
|Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center