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Geologic map of Petroglyph National Monument and vicinity, Bernalillo County, New Mexico

March 19, 2020

This geologic map depicts and briefly describes geologic units underlying Petroglyph National Monument and immediately adjacent areas in Bernalillo County, New Mexico. The Monument is underlain dominantly by Quaternary basalts of the Albuquerque Volcanoes volcanic field, a series of basin-filling volcanic flows and associated vents from a monogenetic volcanic highland along the eastern margin of the Llano de Albuquerque. This compilation builds on data of previously published geologic maps and reports but includes new interpretive synthesis of volcanic stratigraphy and a unified representation of Quaternary surficial deposits overlying volcanic deposits within the Monument and areas immediately adjacent. This geologic map emphasizes the distribution of Quaternary volcanic vent areas and lava flow deposits which were incompletely mapped on previous publications. Surficial deposits are simplified, but uniformly mapped and described in contrast to varying map unit distributions, names and descriptions presented in the references above. Underlying deposits of the upper Santa Fe Group are exposed in the western part of the map area and described briefly.

North-trending, syn- and post-eruption faulting is well preserved in the volcanic field and reflected in the subsurface models of aeromagnetic data. These faults are dominated by dip-slip displacement and are interpreted as extensional faults of the central Albuquerque Basin of the northern Rio Grande rift. Elongate distribution of vents for most of the volcanic deposits are spatially associated with the easternmost of these faults and are interpreted to reflect eruptions from fissures paralleling the regional extensional fault trends of the rift.

Publication Year 2020
Title Geologic map of Petroglyph National Monument and vicinity, Bernalillo County, New Mexico
DOI 10.3133/sim3447
Authors Ren A. Thompson, Christine F. Chan, Amy K. Gilmer, Ralph R. Shroba
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Scientific Investigations Map
Series Number 3447
Index ID sim3447
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center