Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center

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GECSC researchers conduct multi-purpose geologic mapping and topical scientific studies to address issues concerning geologic, climatic, ecosystem, and land surface changes; human interactions with the environment; and physical, chemical, and biological characterization of the Earth's surface and upper crust. 

News

Date published: March 13, 2020

Learning From Real-World Experience to Understand Renewable Energy Impacts to Wildlife

A comprehensive analysis of how renewable energy facilities affect wildlife could inform efforts to predict and reduce these impacts. A team of researchers was asked to gain a better understanding of the actual environmental impacts of renewable energy generation on sensitive species and habitats in California. 

Date published: March 13, 2020

Demographic Consequences of Human Stressors on Wildlife Populations

Predicting the ecological and conservation significances of human influences on wildlife populations is difficult. However, methodological developments can help make the transition from count-based field data on individuals to rate-based demographic estimates.

Date published: October 21, 2019

Low-Level Flights to Image 3D Geology in Northern Arkansas

Editor: In the public interest and in accordance with the Federal Aviation Administration regulations, the USGS is announcing this low-level airborne project. Your assistance in informing the local communities is appreciated.

Publications

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Year Published: 2020

A rasterized building footprint dataset for the United States

Microsoft released a U.S.-wide vector building dataset in 2018. Although the vector building layers provide relatively accurate geometries, their use in large-extent geospatial analysis comes at a high computational cost. We used High-Performance Computing (HPC) to develop an algorithm that calculates six summary values for each cell in a raster...

Pourpeikari Heris, Mehdi; Foks, Nathan Leon; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Troy, Austin; Ancona, Zachary H.
Attribution: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, South Atlantic Water Science Center (SAWSC), Water Resources, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Water Resources, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Land Resources, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Core Science Systems, National Geospatial Program, National Geospatial Technical Operations Center, Core Science Systems, National Geospatial Program, National Geospatial Technical Operations Center, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Community for Data Integration (CDI), Science Analytics and Synthesis (SAS), United States of America, Utah Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin

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Year Published: 2020

Economic, land use, and ecosystem services impacts of Rwanda's Green Growth Strategy: An application of the IEEM+ESM platform

We develop and link the Integrated Economic-Environmental Modeling (IEEM) Platform to ecosystem services modeling (ESM). The IEEM+ESM Platform is an innovative decision-making framework for exploring complex public policy goals and elucidating synergies and trade-offs between alternative policy portfolios. The IEEM+ESM approach is powerful in its...

Banerjee, Onil; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Cicowiecz, Martin; Dudek, Sebastian; Horridge, Mark; Alavalapati, Janaki; Masozera, Michel K.; Rukundo, Emmanuel; Rutebuka, Evariste
Attribution: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, South Atlantic Water Science Center (SAWSC), Water Resources, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Water Resources, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Land Resources, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Core Science Systems, National Geospatial Program, National Geospatial Technical Operations Center, Core Science Systems, National Geospatial Program, National Geospatial Technical Operations Center, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Community for Data Integration (CDI), Science Analytics and Synthesis (SAS), United States of America, Utah Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Washington Water Science Center, Water Resources, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Science and Decisions Center, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Utah Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Water, New Jersey Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, New Jersey, United States of America, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Washington Water Science Center, Water Resources, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, National Geospatial Program, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center, Water Resources, Florence Bascom Geoscience Center, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, New York, United States of America, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Utah Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Nebraska Water Science Center, Water Resources, New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Dakota Water Science Center, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Eastern Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center, Water Resources, Mineral Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Water, New Mexico Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Utah, Switzerland, Colorado Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Alaska Science Center, Region 11: Alaska, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Office of Science Quality and Integrity, Alaska Science Center, Region 11: Alaska, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Ecosystems, United States of America, Water, New Jersey Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, New Jersey, United States of America, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, United States of America, Water, Colorado Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Colorado, United States of America, Ecosystems, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Region 11: Alaska, United States of America, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, Ecosystems, Ecosystems, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Region 11: Alaska, United States of America, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Washington Water Science Center, Water Resources, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Environmental Health, Kansas Water Science Center, Water Resources, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Water, New Mexico Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, New Mexico, United States of America, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, United States of America, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Geology, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Washington, United States of America, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Landslide Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Ecuador, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Landslide Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Water, New Jersey Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, New Jersey, United States of America, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, New England Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Ecosystems, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Western Fisheries Research Center, Ecosystems, Fisheries Program, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Water Resources, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Water Resources, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, New York Water Science Center, Water Resources, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, Utah Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Pacific Islands Water Science Center, Water Resources, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Natural Hazards, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Water Resources, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Leetown Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Ecosystems, Natural Hazards, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Utah, United States of America, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Water, Colorado Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Water, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Earth Mapping Resources Initiative (Earth MRI), Region 11: Alaska, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Land Resources, Climate Adaptation Science Centers, Dakota Water Science Center, Southwest Climate Adaptation Science Center, Land Resources, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, Region 11: Alaska, Alaska, United States of America, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Cooperative Research Units, Nebraska Water Science Center, Water Resources, Water, New Mexico Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, New Mexico, United States of America, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 11: Alaska, United States of America, Western Ecological Research Center, Ecosystems, Dakota Water Science Center, Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Water, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Science Center, Natural Hazards, Earthquake Hazards Program, California, United States of America, Eastern Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Great Lakes Science Center, Ecosystems, Volcano Hazards Program Office, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, National Wildlife Health Center, Ecosystems, Natural Hazards, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Landslide Hazards Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Washington Water Science Center, Water Resources, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Fort Collins Science Center, Ecosystems, Water, Colorado Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Colorado, United States of America, Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Southwest Biological Science Center, Ecosystems, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Alaska Science Center, Ecosystems, Region 11: Alaska, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), United States of America, Central Energy Resources Science Center, Energy Resources Program, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK), Ecosystems, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Ecosystems, Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Geologic Hazards Science Center, Natural Hazards, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, United States of America, California Water Science Center, Water Resources, United States of America, Volcano Hazards Program Office, United States of America, South Atlantic Water Science Center (SAWSC), Water Resources, Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), Texas Water Science Center, Water Resources, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, United States of America, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, Ecosystems, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, United States of America, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin

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Year Published: 2020

The Landsat Burned Area algorithm and products for the conterminous United States

Complete and accurate burned area map data are needed to document spatial and temporal patterns of fires, to quantify their drivers, and to assess the impacts on human and natural systems. In this study, we developed the Landsat Burned Area (BA) algorithm, an update from the Landsat Burned Area Essential Climate Variable (BAECV) algorithm. Here,...

Hawbaker, Todd J.; Vanderhoof, Melanie K.; Schmidt, Gail L.; Beal, Yen-Ju G.; Picotte, Joshua J.; Takacs, Joshua; Falgout, Jeff T.; Dwyer, John L.