Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center


GECSC researchers conduct multi-purpose geologic mapping and topical scientific studies to address issues concerning geologic, climatic, ecosystem, and land surface changes; human interactions with the environment; and physical, chemical, and biological characterization of the Earth's surface and upper crust. 


Date published: February 4, 2021

Low-Flying Airplane Mapping Parts of Northeastern California

Residents should not be alarmed if they see a low-flying airplane over parts of northeastern California starting February 6, 2021.

Date published: March 13, 2020

Learning From Real-World Experience to Understand Renewable Energy Impacts to Wildlife

A comprehensive analysis of how renewable energy facilities affect wildlife could inform efforts to predict and reduce these impacts. A team of researchers was asked to gain a better understanding of the actual environmental impacts of renewable energy generation on sensitive species and habitats in California. 

Date published: October 21, 2019

Low-Level Flights to Image 3D Geology in Northern Arkansas

Editor: In the public interest and in accordance with the Federal Aviation Administration regulations, the USGS is announcing this low-level airborne project. Your assistance in informing the local communities is appreciated.


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Year Published: 2021

Early Pleistocene climate-induced erosion of the Alaska Range formed the Nenana Gravel

The Pliocene-Pleistocene transition resulted in extensive global cooling and glaciation, but isolating this climate signal within erosion and exhumation responses in tectonically active regimes can be difficult. The Nenana Gravel is a foreland basin deposit in the northern foothills of the Alaska Range (USA) that has long been linked to unroofing...

Sortor, Rachel; Goehring, Brent; Bemis, Sean; Ruleman, Chester A.; Caffee, Marc; Ward, Dylan

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Year Published: 2021

A multi-decadal geochemical record from Rano Aroi (Easter Island/Rapa Nui): Implications for the environment, climate and humans during the last two millennia

The small and remote Easter Island (Rapa Nui) has a complex and still partially unknown history of human colonization and interactions with the environment. Previous research from sedimentary archives collected in the three freshwater bodies of Rapa Nui document dramatic environmental changes over the last two millennia. Yet, the characteristics...

Roman, Marco; McWethy, David B.; Kehrwald, Natalie; Osayuki Erhenhi, Evans; Myrbo, Amy E.; Ramirez Aliaga, José M.; Pauchard, Anibal; Turetta, Clara; Barbante, Carlo; Prebble, Matthew; Argiriadis, Elena; Battistel, Dario

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Year Published: 2021

Holocene hydroclimatic reorganizations in northwest Canada inferred from lacustrine carbonate oxygen isotopes

Sub-centennial oxygen (δ18O) isotopes of ostracod and authigenic calcite from Squanga Lake provides evidence of hydroclimatic extremes and a series of post-glacial climate system reorganizations for the interior region of northwest Canada. Authigenic calcite δ18O values range from −16‰ to −21‰ and are presently similar to modern lake water...

Lasher, G. Everett; Abbott, Mark B.; Anderson, Lesleigh; Yasarer, Lindsey; Rosenheimer, Michael; Finney, Bruce P.