Magnesite and brucite in the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii
The important deposits of magnesite (MgCO3) and brucite (MgO.H2O) in the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii) are shown on the accompanying map. Single deposits and groups of deposits are shown by geometric symbols according to four size categories based on estimated production plus reserves. These categories are: less than 10,000 tons, 10,000 to 100,000 tons, 100,000 to 1,000,000 tons, and more than 1,000,000 tons. Occurrences of mineralogic interest only are not shown. All map locations are numbered consecutively in each State and keyed to the locality index. The geographical coordinates in the locality index represent the centers of the geometric symbols. Thus, the same coordinates are assigned to all deposits covered by a group symbol.
The map was compiled from published reports and data in the files of the United States Geological Survey. The names, geographic coordinates, and geologic types of deposits are given in the locality index. The principal published reports used in compiling the map are listed in the selected references.
The main types of commercial deposits of magnesite in the United States are: (1) replacement bodies in limestone and dolomite; (2) replacements and veins in serpentine; and (3) sedimentary beds. Other magnesite deposits of varied origin and less common occurrence include beds associated with talc, chlorite, and mica schists; and veins and lenses in altered tuffs.
Brucite is a relatively rare mineral of secondary origin which usually accompanies other magnesian minerals, particularly magnesite and hydromagnesite, and is associated with carbonate rocks and serpentine.
Magnesite was first mined in California in 1886, and the State was the only domestic producer until the development of the Washington deposits began in 1916. In recent years, the main production of magnesite has been from Stevens County, Washington, and Nye County, Nevada. Production in California has been intermittent since 1945. Magnesite deposits in Texas were mined during and immediately after World War II. At present (1961) the only brucite deposits being worked are those at Gabbs, Nye County, Nevada. They have been mined almost continuously since 1935.
|Magnesite and brucite in the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii
|USGS Numbered Series
|Mineral Investigations Resource Map
|USGS Publications Warehouse