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Analytical methods of the U.S. Geological Survey's New York District Water-Analysis Laboratory

January 1, 1995

The New York District of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Troy, N.Y., operates a water-analysis laboratory for USGS watershed-research projects in the Northeast that require analyses of precipitation and of dilute surface water and soil water for major ions; it also provides analyses of certain chemical constituents in soils and soil gas samples.

This report presents the methods for chemical analyses of water samples, soil-water samples, and soil-gas samples collected in wateshed-research projects. The introduction describes the general materials and technicques for each method and explains the USGS quality-assurance program and data-management procedures; it also explains the use of cross reference to the three most commonly used methods manuals for analysis of dilute waters. The body of the report describes the analytical procedures for (1) solution analysis, (2) soil analysis, and (3) soil-gas analysis. The methods are presented in alphabetical order by constituent. The method for each constituent is preceded by (1) reference codes for pertinent sections of the three manuals mentioned above, (2) a list of the method's applications, and (3) a summary of the procedure. The methods section for each constitutent contains the following categories: instrumentation and equipment, sample preservation and storage, reagents and standards, analytical procedures, quality control, maintenance, interferences, safety considerations, and references. Sufficient information is presented for each method to allow the resulting data to be appropriately used in environmental investigations.

Publication Year 1995
Title Analytical methods of the U.S. Geological Survey's New York District Water-Analysis Laboratory
DOI 10.3133/ofr95416
Authors Gregory B. Lawrence, Tricia A. Lincoln, Debra A. Horan-Ross, Mark L. Olson, Laura A. Waldron
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 95-416
Index ID ofr95416
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization New York Water Science Center