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Aqueous infrared carboxylate absorbances: Aliphatic di-acids

January 1, 1998

Aqueous attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectra of 18 aliphatic di-carboxylic acids are reported as a function of pH. The spectra show isosbestic points and intensity changes which indicate that Beer's law is obeyed, and peak frequencies lie within previously reported ranges for aqueous carboxylates and pure carboxylic acids. Intensity sharing from the symmetric carboxylate stretch is evident in many cases, so that bands which are nominally due to alkyl groups show increased intensity at higher pH. The asymmetric stretch of the HA species is linearly related to the microscopic acidity constantof the H2A species, with σpK<0.25 log units; this relationship falls on the same line as previously observed for mono-carboxylic acids. The linear relationship applies to the acidity constant of the HA species only when the two acid groups are well separated (>2 intervening atoms). The results suggest that aqueous ATR-FTIR may be able to estimate `intrinsic' pKa values of carboxylic acids, in addition to providing quantitative estimates of ionization.

Publication Year 1998
Title Aqueous infrared carboxylate absorbances: Aliphatic di-acids
DOI 10.1016/S1386-1425(97)00258-8
Authors S.E. Cabaniss, J. A. Leenheer, I.F. McVey
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Index ID 70020666
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Toxic Substances Hydrology Program