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Beach loss along armored shorelines on Oahu, Hawaiian Islands

January 1, 1997

An analysis of an aerial photographic time series of Oahu's shoreline reveals that historical seawall and revetment
construction (coastal armoring) to protect eroding lands has caused the narrowing of 17.3 ± 1.5 km and loss of 10.4
± 0.9 km of sandy beach over the period 1928 or 1949 to 1995. This is ~24% of the 115.6 ± 9.8 km of originally
sandy shoreline of Oahu. All narrowed and lost beaches occur in front of coastal armoring structures that fix the
position of the shoreline. In addition, nearly all narrowed and lost beaches show a history of recent (5% of narrowed
and lost beaches) or long-term (92% of narrowed and lost beaches) retreat. We conclude from this study that using a
wall or revetment to fix the position of a shoreline undergoing retreat will cause the narrowing and eventual loss of
the adjoining beach.

Publication Year 1997
Title Beach loss along armored shorelines on Oahu, Hawaiian Islands
Authors Charles H. Fletcher, Robert A. Mullane, Bruce M. Richmond
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Coastal Research
Index ID 70019250
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse