Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Bioclimatic variables dataset for baseline and future climate scenarios for climate change studies in Hawai'i

September 2, 2022

Gridded bioclimatic variables representing yearly, seasonal, and monthly means and extremes in temperature and precipitation have been widely used for ecological modeling purposes and in broader climate change impact and biogeographical studies. As a result of their utility, numerous sets of bioclimatic variables have been developed on a global scale (e.g., WorldClim) but rarely represent the finer regional scale pattern of climate in Hawai'i. Recognizing the value of having such regionally downscaled products, we integrated more detailed projections from recent climate models developed for Hawai'i with current climatological datasets to generate updated regionally defined bioclimatic variables. We derived updated bioclimatic variables from new projections of baseline and future monthly minimum, mean, and maximum temperature (Tmin, Tmean, Tmax) and mean precipitation (Pmean) data at 250 m resolution. We used the most up-to-date dynamically downscaled projections based on the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model from the International Pacific Research Center (IPRC) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). We summarized the monthly data from these two climate projections into a suite of 19 standard bioclimatic variables that provide detailed information about annual and seasonal mean climatic conditions for the Hawaiian Islands. These bioclimatic variables are available for three climate scenarios: baseline climate (1990-2009) and future climate (2080-2099) under representative concentration pathway (RCP) 4.5 (IPRC projections only) and RCP 8.5 (both IPRC and NCAR projections) climate scenarios. The resulting dataset provides a more robust set of climate products that can be used for modeling purposes, impact studies, and management planning.

Publication Year 2022
Title Bioclimatic variables dataset for baseline and future climate scenarios for climate change studies in Hawai'i
DOI 10.1016/j.dib.2022.108572
Authors Lucas Fortini, Lauren R. Kaiser, Lulin Xue, Yaping Wang
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Data in Brief
Index ID 70239848
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center