Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Can ozone be used to control the spread of freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species?

January 15, 2017

The introduction of aquatic invasive species to non-native habitats can cause negative ecological effects and also billions of dollars in economic damage to governments and private industries. Once aquatic invasive species are introduced, eradication may be difficult without adversely affecting native species and habitats, urging resource managers to find preventative methods to protect non-invaded areas. The use of ozone (O3) as a non-physical barrier has shown promise as it is lethal to a wide range of aquatic taxa, requires a short contact time, and is relatively environmentally safe in aquatic systems when compared to other chemicals. However, before O3 can be considered as an approach to prevent the spread of aquatic invasive species, its effects on non-target organisms and already established aquatic invasive species must be fully evaluated. A review of the current literature was conducted to summarize data regarding the effects of O3 on aquatic taxa including fish, macroinvertebrates, zooplankton, phytoplankton, microbes, and pathogens. In addition, we assessed the practicality of ozone applications to control the movement of aquatic invasive species, and identified data gaps concerning the use of O3 as a non-physical barrier in field applications.

Publication Year 2017
Title Can ozone be used to control the spread of freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species?
DOI 10.3391/mbi.2017.8.1.02
Authors Riley P. Buley, Caleb T. Hasler, John A. Tix, Cory D. Suski, Terrance D. Hubert
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Management of Biological Invasions
Index ID 70186032
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center