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Cannibalism and predation by western toad (Bufo boreas boreas) larvae in Oregon, USA

January 1, 2004

Larval amphibians have been widely used as model organisms in studies of community ecology of freshwater systems (Morin 1983, Alford 1999). Much of this work has assumed that trophic effects of larval anurans are focused on periphyton and planktonic algae (Dickman 1968, Seale 1980, Duellman and Trueb 1986), a view that has recently been questioned. Recent experiments suggest that anuran larvae can occupy broader trophic roles than previously believed and may function as important predators in some pond communities  (Petranka et al. 1994, Petranka and Kennedy 1999)