Current methods for determining the 1-percent annual exceedance probability (AEP) for a streamflow assume stationarity (the assumption that the statistical distribution of data from past observations does not contain trends and will continue unchanged in the future). This assumption allows the 1-percent AEP to be determined based on historical streamflow records. However, the assumption of stationarity is challenged by observed trends in streamflow records.
In response, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, studied potential changes to the 1-percent AEP streamflows at streamgages in the Housatonic River watershed in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New York. The study used the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System—a deterministic hydrologic model. Climate inputs to the model of temperature and precipitation were scaled to anticipated changes based on global climate models that could occur in 2030, 2050, and 2100. The model outputs were used to characterize the 1-percent AEP streamflows for 2030, 2050, and 2100 and compare the results to baseline conditions for 1950 to 2015. Results indicated that the 1-percent AEP streamflow for unregulated streams and rivers may increase from the 1950–2015 baseline period by 7.4, 11.7, and 17.3 percent in 2030, 2050, and 2100, respectively, because of climate change.
|Title||Characterizing changes in the 1-percent annual exceedance probability streamflows for climate-change scenarios in the Housatonic River watershed of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New York|
|Authors||Scott A. Olson|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Scientific Investigations Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||New England Water Science Center|