Piscine orthoreovirus genotype 1 (PRV‐1) is the causative agent of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). The virus has also been found in Pacific salmonids in western North America, raising concerns about the risk to native salmon and trout. Here, we report the results of laboratory challenges using juvenile Chinook salmon, coho salmon and rainbow trout injected with tissue homogenates from Atlantic salmon testing positive for PRV‐1 or with control material. Fish were sampled at intervals to assess viral RNA transcript levels, haematocrit, erythrocytic inclusions and histopathology. While PRV‐1 replicated in all species, there was negligible mortality in any group. We observed a few erythrocytic inclusion bodies in fish from the PRV‐1‐infected groups. At a few time points, haematocrits were significantly lower in the PRV‐1‐infected groups relative to controls, but in no case was anaemia noted. The most common histopathological finding was mild, focal myocarditis in both the non‐infected controls and PRV‐1‐infected fish. All cardiac lesions were judged mild, and none were consistent with those of HSMI. Together, these results suggest all three species are susceptible to PRV‐1 infection, but in no case did infection cause notable disease in these experiments.
|Title||Consequences of Piscine orthoreovirus genotype 1 (PRV‐1) infections in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ), coho salmon (O. kisutch ) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss )|
|Authors||Maureen K. Purcell, Rachel L. Powers, Torunn Taksdal, Douglas Mckenney, Carla M. Conway, Diane G. Elliott, Mark Polinski, Kyle A. Garver, James Winton|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Journal of Fish Diseases|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Western Fisheries Research Center|