Metals and organic contaminants in aquatic systems affect the coupling of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems through two pathways: contaminant-induced effects on insect emergence and emergence-induced contaminant transfer. Consequently, the impact of aquatic contaminants on terrestrial ecosystems can be driven by modifications in the quantity and quality of adult aquatic insects serving as prey or contaminants entering terrestrial food webs as part of the diet of terrestrial predators. Here, we provide an overview of recent advances in the field, separating metals from organic contaminants due to their differential propensity to bioaccumulate and thus their potential contribution to either of the two pathways. Finally, this review highlights the knowledge gap in the relative impact of these pathways on terrestrial insectivores.
|Title||Contaminant fluxes across ecosystems mediated by aquatic insects|
|Authors||Mirco Bundschuh, Sebastian Pietz, Alexis P. Roodt, Johanna M. Kraus|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Current Opinion in Insect Science|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Columbia Environmental Research Center; Fort Collins Science Center|