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Crustal displacements due to continental water loading

January 1, 2001

The effects of long-wavelength (> 100 km), seasonal variability in continental water storage on vertical crustal motions are assessed. The modeled vertical displacements (??rM) have root-mean-square (RMS) values for 1994-1998 as large as 8 mm, with ranges up to 30 mm, and are predominantly annual in character. Regional strains are on the order of 20 nanostrain for tilt and 5 nanostrain for horizontal deformation. We compare ??rM with observed Global Positioning System (GPS) heights (??rO) (which include adjustments to remove estimated effects of atmospheric pressure and annual tidal and non-tidal ocean loading) for 147 globally distributed sites. When the ??rO time series are adjusted by ??rM, their variances are reduced, on average, by an amount equal to the variance of the ??rM. Of the ??rO time series exhibiting a strong annual signal, more than half are found to have an annual harmonic that is in phase and of comparable amplitude with the annual harmonic in the ??rM. The ??rM time series exhibit long-period variations that could be mistaken for secular tectonic trends or post-glacial rebound when observed over a time span of a few years.

Publication Year 2001
Title Crustal displacements due to continental water loading
DOI 10.1029/2000GL012120
Authors T. Van Dam, J. Wahr, P. C. D. Milly, A.B. Shmakin, G. Blewitt, D. Lavallee, K.M. Larson
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geophysical Research Letters
Index ID 70023644
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse