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Dawsonite in the green river formation of Colorado

September 1, 1966

Dawsonite NaAl(OH)2C03 is a rare mineral that occurs in relative abundance over hundreds of square miles in the Piceance Creek Basin of northwestern Colorado, as a rock-forming constituent of the oil shales in the green River Formation. In some specimens it makes up 25 percent by weight of the shale. Containing 35 percent of acid-soluble A1203, it has been viewed as a potential ore of aluminum. The dawsonite extends through 700 feet of continuous section of high-grade oil shale (averaging 25 gallons per ton), which may be as much as 1,500 feet in thickness. Its distribution, areally and stratigraphically, is reviewed; methods for its identification, and for its quantitative determination in the oil shale, with special reference to X-ray diffraction procedures are described; and the geochemistry of dawsonite, as it relates to the origin of the mineral, is considered. The scattered literature on dawsonite is briefly summarized. © 1966 Society of Economic Geologists, Inc..

Publication Year 1966
Title Dawsonite in the green river formation of Colorado
DOI 10.2113/gsecongeo.61.6.1029
Authors J.W. Smith, C. Milton
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Economic Geology
Index ID 70206437
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse