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Developmental stability and its applications in ecotoxicology

May 20, 1993

Developmental stability refers to the ability of a developing organism to produce a consistent phenotype in a given environment. It provides a simple, reliable method of detecting stressed populations and monitoring their recovery. The most common measure of developmental instability, fluctuating asymmetry, assesses minor deviations from perfect bilateral symmetry in traits that are normally symmetrical. Measures of developmental instability are based upon the concept of developmental invariance. The biotest approach consists of the simultaneous analysis of developmental instability (and related physiological instability) in a variety of species.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1993
Title Developmental stability and its applications in ecotoxicology
DOI 10.1007/BF00116422
Authors John H. Graham, John M. Emlen, D. Carl Freeman
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Ecotoxicology
Series Number
Index ID 70180483
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Western Fisheries Research Center