Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Distribution and conservation status of prairie dogs Cynomys mexicanus and Cynomys ludovicianus in Mexico

January 1, 1993

The two living species of black-tailed prairie dogs Cynomys mexicanus and C. ludovicianus are found in Mexico. Cynomys mexicanus, a Mexican endemic, is restricted to a 600-km2 region in northwestern Mexico. It is found in six large arid grassland valleys associated with gypsum soils and surrounded by arid scrub. Due to the small geographic range and destruction of its habitat this species is considered endangered. Cynomys ludovicianus is found in northwestern Mexico. Its present distribution comprises a very large complex covering approximately 55 000 ha, eight major dogtowns, and more than one million prairie dogs. Indeed, this population represents the largest continuous prairie dog complex left in North America. However, its present conservation status is considered as threatened, mainly because of the rapid deterioration of its habitat.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1993
Title Distribution and conservation status of prairie dogs <i>Cynomys mexicanus</i> and <i>Cynomys ludovicianus</i> in Mexico
DOI 10.1016/0006-3207(93)90497-O
Authors Gerardo Ceballos, Eric Mellink, Louis R. Hanebury
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Biological Conservation
Series Number
Index ID 70127555
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization