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Early pennsylvanian currents in the southern Appalachian Mountains

August 1, 1963

Measurement of more than 1200 cross-beds in lower Pennsylvanian sandstones of the southern Appalachian Mountains reveals a broad pattern of sediment transport to the southwest and west. Most of the sand appears to have been derived from the east and to have moved south-westward parallel to the axis of the Appalachian geosyncline. The pattern has a similar alignment to that in the Illinois basin, but it is at right angles to earlier Paleozoic dispersal directions in the Appalachian geosyncline. Little or no sand has been contributed from the Cincinnati arch. The cross-beds are in sheetlike sandstone formations; the sandstone is conglomeratic, contains plant impressions, and is composed of lenticular, channeling, quartzose sedimentation units. The variation in thickness and lateral persistence of sedimentation units is also reflected in a moderate variability of mean cross-bedding directions between adjacent formations, and even within the same formation. Cross-bedding variability between adjacent units is thought to be due to regional changes in the position and orientation of channel-way systems from deposition of one sandstone formation to the next. Changes of cross-bedding azimuths within the same formation may result from channel curvature of local meanderlike deposits or from channel migration as the sands coalesced into a blanket deposit. 

Publication Year 1963
Title Early pennsylvanian currents in the southern Appalachian Mountains
DOI 10.1130/0016-7606(1963)74[1439:EPCITS]2.0.CO;2
Authors John Schlee
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geological Society of America Bulletin
Index ID 70221119
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse